Introduction to chemistry summer course objectives

States of Matter

  1. Explain how evidence supports the particulate theory of matter

  2. distinguish among the three states of matter

  3. explain the changes between the three states of matter in terms of energy and arrangement of particles

Mixtures and Separations ( Theory only)

  1. distinguish between pure substances and mixtures

  2. distinguish among solutions, suspensions and colloids

  3. identify different types of solutions

  4. investigate the effect of temperature on the solubility of solids in water

  5. apply suitable separation techniques based on differences in properties of the components of mixtures

  6. describe the extraction of sucrose from sugar cane

Atomic Structure

  1. describe with illustrations, the structure of atoms of atomic numbers 1 to 20

  2. state the properties of electrons, protons and neutrons

  3. define atomic number and mass number

  4. define relative atomic mass

  5. interprete chemical notation

  6. define isotopy

  7. list the uses of radio active isotopes

Periodic Table and Periodicity

  1. explain the basis for the arrangement of elements in the periodic table

  2. explain trends in Group II

  3. explain trends in Group VII

  4. identify trends in period 3

  5. predict properties of unknown elements based on the position in the periodic table

Structure and Bonding

  1. explain the formation of ionic and covalent bonds

  2. predict the likelihood of an atom forming an ionic or a covalent bond based on atomic structure

  3. write formulae to represent ions molecules and formula units

  4. explain metallic bonding

  5. describe ionic crystals, simple molecular crystals and giant molecular crystals

  6. distinguish between ionic and molecular solids

  7. relate structure of sodium chloride, diamond and graphite to their properties and uses

  8. explain the term allotropy

Organic Chemistry Crash Course Syllabus Objectives

Sources of Hydrocarbons

  1. identify natural gas and petroleum as natural sources of hydrocarbons

  2. list the main uses of at least three fractions obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum

  3. describe cracking of petroleum fractions (thermal cracking and catalytic cracking of alkanes)

Organic Chemistry and Introduction

  1. illustrate that carbon atoms can form single and double bonds, branched and unbranched chains and ring compounds

  2. write formulae to represent simple organic compounds

  3. list the general characteristics of a homologous series

  4. write general and molecular formulae for members of a given homologous series

  5. deduce the homologous series given the fully displayed and condensed formulae of compounds

  6. write fully displayed structures and names of branched and unbranched alkanes and unbranched alkenes, alcohols and alkanoic acids

  7. define structural isomerism

  8. write the fully displayed structures of isomers given their molecular formulae

Reactions of carbon compounds

  1. Describe the reactions of alkanes and alkenes

  2. relate the characteristic reactions of alkanes and alkenes to their structures

  3. Distinguish between alkanes and alkenes

  4. relate the properties of hydrocarbons to their uses

  5. identify alcohols, acids and esters by their functional groups

  6. relate the properties of alcohols, acids and esters to their functional groups

  7. describe the reactions of ethanol

  8. describe the fermentation process by which ethanol is produced from carbohydrates

  9. describe the reactions of ethanoic acid

  10. explain hydrolysis of esters including saponification

  11. compare soapy and soapless detergents

  12. define polymers

  13. distinguish between addition and condensation as reactions in the formation of polymers

  14. state at least one use of each of the following types of polymers( polyalkene, polyamide, polyester, polysaccharide)

The Mole Concept Crash Course Syllabus Objectives

  1. Define mole and molar mass

  2. perform calculations from mass to moles and moles to mass and percentage composition by mass

  3. calculate the relative molecular mass or relative formula mass given atomic masses

  4. State Avogadro's law and perform calculations involving molar volumes (rtp and stp)

  5. State the law of conservation of matter

  6. Write balanced chemical equations and use both ionic and molecular equations to represent chemical reactions.

  7. Apply the mole concept to equations, both ionic and molecular ( calculations involving masses and  volumes)

  8. Define the term standard solution (molecular concentration and mass concentration).